مناهضة العنصرية وإنهاء الاستعمار

تعود جذور عدم المساواة والظلم عالمياً إلى الإرث الذي عمل كل من الاستعمار والعنصرية على تكريسه. سعى الاستعمار اي تشكيل أنظمة التدخلات الإنسانية والتنموية العالمية، تاريخيًا وحاليًا؛ حيث تتواجد التحيزات العرقية والثقافية في هيكلة وعمل وسياسات هذه الأنظمة بشكل فعّال. تظهر هذه التحيزات في أساليب العمل والممارسات والسياسات في القطاعين الإنساني والتنموي والتي تشمل:

  •  اللغة المستخدمة في التحدث عن الأشخاص المتأثرين بالأزمات والصرعات،
  • امتلاك السلطة في صياغة القرارات وتوجيهها، 
  • السيطرة على المال والموارد والقدرة على الوصول إليها،
  • التحكم في تحديد أجندة الأعمال العالمية وإنتاج المعرفة.

يجب التعامل مع التعليم من منظور العدالة وإنهاء النظرة الاستعمارية ومكافحة العنصرية. تشير العدالة إلى الممارسات العادلة التي تتمثل في التقييم الموضوعي للتفاوتات في الفرص والنتائج والتمثيل، ومعالجة هذه القضايا من خلال إجراءات مستهدفة. يستهدف إنهاء الاستعمار عملية تحليل إرث الاستعمار في المؤسسات والهياكل وطرق الإنتاج المعرفي، وتحويلها بفعالية. وتنطوي على التصدي بفعالية للأفعال والسلوكيات والقرارات التي تدعم أو تعزز ديناميكيات القوة الاستعمارية. أما مكافحة العنصرية، فهي أكثر من مجرد عدم وجود العنصرية، بل تمثل عملية نشطة لتحدي الهياكل والممارسات العنصرية.

من الضروري لمجتمع التعليم العالمي المشاركة بشكل نقدي في هذه المفاهيم، والعمل نحو العدالة الإنسانية بقيادة محلية، واتخاذ إجراءات لتفكيك هياكل السلطة غير المتوازنة وعدم المساواة.


جمعت هذة المصادر بواسطة أمانة الشبكة المشتركة لوكالات التعليم في حالات الطوارئ وبدعم من زينة زخاريا. لاقتراح اي مصادر أو تعديلات، يرجى التواصل عبر البريد الإلكتروني: website@inee.org.

1 مارس 2023 Manual/Handbook/Guide Oxfam

Inclusive Langauge Guide

The language guide is divided into thematic sections, though many of the issues discussed intersect and some terms may be relevant to several categories. The guide is based on a set of Feminist Principles for Language Use and gives examples of how you can put these principles into practice in your writing and in day-to-day conversation.

1 يناير 2022 Policy Brief Dubai Cares

Guiding Principles for promising partnership practices in education in emergencies

Despite a surge in educational partnerships, the EiE community has yet to develop guiding principles on how organizations might approach partnerships so that they result in effective and ethical practices, leading to improvements for students in crisis settings. This policy brief aims to address this gap by proposing five intersecting guiding principles for promising partnership practices in EiE.

14 يناير 2021 Background Paper International Rescue Committee (IRC)

Opportunities for Transformative Language in Feminist Approaches to Partnership

This paper, developed through consultations with Building Local Thinking Global members, seeks to explore language and power hierarchies within humanitarian aid, and the impact of language on relationships between different groups, with the goal of identifying new language that is inclusive and empowering, and promotes equality.

1 أكتوبر 2019 Report
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Humanitarian Policy Group

Rethinking capacity and complementarity for a more local humanitarian action

Humanitarian action has been a mainly international endeavour, where power continues to lie with donors, UN agencies and large international non-governmental organisations . This led to a call at the World Humanitarian Summit  for humanitarian action to be as ‘local as possible, as international as necessary’ inspiring numerous debates and initiatives, including the Grand Bargain. To better inform local humanitarian action, HPG launched a two-year research project in 2017 on capacity and complementarity, of which this is the final report.

24 أكتوبر 2023 Journal Article
Globalisation, Societies and Education

Retelling education in emergencies through the black radical tradition: on racial capitalism, critical race theory and fugitivity

The paper, adopting my roles as a scholar and aid practitioner, critically examines the EiE sector through three Black Radical Tradition (BRT) lenses: racial capitalism, critical race theory, and fugitivity. It employs case studies, aligning with the BRT’s interconnected focus, revealing the pervasive influence of educational aid, racial injustice, and structural inequalities.

13 فبراير 2018 الوثيقة
Explorations of Education Purpose

Politics of Anti-Racism Education: In Search of Strategies for Transformative Learning

Politics of Anti-Racism Education is a book that engages the tough questions of anti- racism practice: How do we recognize anti-racism when there is no prescription or recipe for transformative practices? How does anti-racism resist the imperial divi- sive practices at various sites of difference while simultaneously amplifying the saliency of race? How do anti-racism educators challenge and support each other to do the ongoing work of anti-racism to guard our work from being consumed by hegemonic status quo agendas? What does it mean to name that which is incommensurable – experiences of race and racism?

17 ديسمبر 2022 Journal Article
Globalisation, Societies and Education

Between ‘the paradox of liberalism’ and ‘the paradox of decoloniality’: education for peacebuilding in conflict settings

This article extends current debates in Education for Peacebuilding (EfP) in conflict settings. It presents and discusses two paradoxes I have observed when examining EfP literature and engaging in conversations with EfP scholars: ‘the paradox of liberalism’ and ‘the paradox of decoloniality’.

21 يونيو 2019 White Paper United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organziation (UNESCO)

Enforcing the right to education of refugees: A policy perspective

This paper, aimed at education policymakers, provides analysis and insights on how the right to education for refugees could be ensured from a policy perspective. It does so by reviewing the current status of access to education of refugees, using the scant data that is available in this area.

10 أبريل 2023 Journal Article
International Journal of Human Rights Education

Ordinary Solidarities: Re-Reading Refugee Education Response Through an Anticolonial Discursive Framework

Drawing on a three-year case study of one faith-based school in Lebanon, this paper explores how one ordinary school in a refugee hostile transit country secured and protected the right to education for refugee children from Syria, within a significant broader context of multiple compounding crises.

12 مايو 2021 Report
Peace Direct

Time to Decolonise Aid

In November 2020, Peace Direct in collaboration with Adeso, the Alliance for Peacebuilding and Women of Color Advancing Peace and Security, convened a three-day online consultation to discuss the issue of structural racism and how to ‘Decolonise Aid’.

1 يوليو 2015 الوثيقة
Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies

Global White Ignorance

This chapter sets out—necessarily very schematically, but as a possible stimulus for research on the key features of a white ignorance conceived of as global.

30 أكتوبر 2022 الصوت
The FreshEd Podcast

Can You Hear the Subaltern Speak?

Bhavani’s episode explores the meaning of colonization and decolonization in international development and education. We might think we know what colonization is. The history. The actors involved. The exploitation. But what does it feel like? And then what would it mean to decolonize? And what would that feel like?

6 يناير 2021 الصوت
Rethinking Humanitarianism podcast

Decolonizing Aid

Co-hosts Heba Aly and Jeremy Konyndyk sit down with Tammam Aloudat, a Syrian doctor who is senior strategic adviser to the Access Campaign of Médecins Sans Frontières and one of the few people of colour in a senior management position within an organisation going through a very public struggle with racism, to discuss dismantling colonialism in the aid sector.

14 ديسمبر 2022 الصوت
Rethinking Humanitarianism

‘Give us the money’: Aid as reparations

The call for reparations, which has long reverberated in former colonies, is now gaining momentum in the aid and philanthropy sectors, too. Can international reparations be a way forward towards a more equitable world order, or are they too politically charged to succeed, perhaps even counter-productive?

7 يناير 2022 Journal Article
Journal of International Humanitarian Action

The racialization of expertise and professional non-equivalence in the humanitarian workplace

This paper aims to explore the ways which expertise is covertly racialized in the contemporary humanitarian aid sector. The research suggests that embedded under the contemporary professional structure of the liberal humanitarian space is a covert power hierarchy fueled by perceptions of expertise and competency along racial lines—particularly around one’s whiteness.

13 فبراير 2023 الصوت
FreshEd

White Ignorance in Global Education

Today we focus on a hugely important issue but one that is generally absent within the organizations and structures that make up the global education architecture. The issue is race. My guests today, Francine Menashy and Zeena Zakharia, have spent years speaking with staff members at various global education organizations.

20 مارس 2023 الصوت
FreshEd

Black Lives Matter and Comparative Education

Today we talk about Black Lives Matter and what it means for the field of comparative and international education. With me are Sharon Walker and Krystal Strong, who have recently co-edited with Derron Wallace, Arathi Sriprakash, Leon Tikly, and Crain Soudien, a special issue of Comparative Education Review entitled “Black Lives Matter and Global Struggles for Racial Justice in Education.”