Adolescents and Youth

Topic(s)
Adolescents and Youth

Our world is young - adolescents and youth currently make up 1.2 billion of the global population, and this is projected to increase by 200 million by 2050. Africa’s youth population will rise to 35% of the world’s youth total in 2050, from 20% in 2017. In the Middle East and North Africa region, young people are the fastest growing segment, where some 60% of the population is under 25 years old. South Asia is home to more adolescents – around 340 million – than any other region, followed by East Asia and the Pacific with around 277 million. Never before have there been so many young people as a share of the global population, and never again is there likely to be such potential for social and economic progress.

NRC Jordan
© NRC Jordan

Today some 408 million youth aged 15-29, or 23% of the global youth population, are affected by violence and armed conflict. In times of conflict, quality education ensures that young people gain the relevant skills and competencies they need for whole-person development, for navigating the labour market and becoming actors of change in their communities. It provides a critical opportunity to build on earlier investments in education, or to provide a second chance to those who missed out on educational and social opportunities as children. 

Youth-led consultations have highlighted the difficulty of accessing quality learning, formal education and skill building opportunities as one of the most serious challenges for youth. Young people are calling for access to relevant, equitable and inclusive education opportunities that help prepare them for both life and the world of work. Ensuring multiple pathways across the education continuum (primary, secondary through to tertiary options) from adolescents onwards is vital. 

Adolescents and youth are a diverse group whose needs cut across multiple sectors. To improve access to relevant, equitable and inclusive education we must strengthen the links between sectors, humanitarian and development stakeholders and be intentional about local and youth-led partnerships.  

Key statistics:  

The INEE Minimum Standards considers youth as people between 15 and 24 years and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19. Definitions and age ranges vary from one context to another depending on socio-cultural, institutional, economic, and political factors, with many countries defining youth up until the age of 35 years. However, “youth” is best understood as a period of transition from the dependence of childhood to adulthood’s independence, and therefore is a more fluid category than a fixed aged group.

This collection was developed with the support of Sophia Kousiakis, NRC. 

Report

INEE Framing Paper 2 - Financing for All: Beyond the Primary Need

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

This paper explores the extent to which post-primary education options are being financed, what approaches are being taken and the opportunities and challenges for supporting post-primary education in the future.

English
Brochure/Pamphlet

INEE Thematic Issue Brief: Youth

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

In emergency situations, adolescents have specific needs that are different than those of adults or younger children.

English
Report

Shifting Power to Young People- How Young People Can Lead and Drive Solutions in Humanitarian Action

Published by
ActionAid International
,
Restless Development

Drawing on lessons and best practice from crises and emergencies across the world, the report emphasises that engaging young people in prevention, preparedness, response and recovery will bring better, more localised and more accountable responses. However, this report also displays how young people face particular vulnerabilities and marginalisation connected to their age and identities.

English
Case Study

The Missing Peace: Independent Progress Study on Youth, Peace and Security

Published by
Youth 4 Peace

This document is an independent study demonstrating young people’s positive role in sustaining peace. It proposes concrete recommendations for the peace and security community to work with young people in new ways.

English
French
Spanish
Arabic
Russian
Chinese (Mandarin)
Report

Youth, Peacebuilding, and the Role of Education

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

Thematic Paper for the Youth, Peace and Security Progress Study. This paper outlines key debates and insights on the role of education in relation to UNSCR 2250 and the youth, peace, and security (YPS) agenda. UNSCR 2250 requires the UN Secretary-General to “carry out a Progress Study on youth’s positive contribution to the peace processes and conflict resolution” and to present the results to the UN Member States.

English
Report

Youth in Fragile Situations: Promoting Youth Employment for Peace and Resilience

Published by
International Labor Organization (ILO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
,
Decent Jobs for Youth

More than 1.4 billion people currently live in areas affected by protracted conflicts and complex emergencies, which often extend over many years and significantly erode development gains. Under these circumstances, young people may be out of school or college and engage in jobs that are informal, unstable, underpaid, or even high-risk and harmful. 

English
French
Spanish
Report

We Believe in Youth: Global Refugee Youth Consultations Report

Published by
Women's Refugee Commission (WRC)

We Believe in Youth details the most pressing challenges refugee youth face and their recommendations on how best to address these challenges. The report is a road map for action for all those engaged in humanitarian response—States, international organizations, international and national civil society organizations, donors, and youth groups.

English
Report

Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All: Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children

Published by
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
,
UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UNESCO UIS)

Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All, a report produced by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and UNICEF, could not be more timely. As the international community renews its commitment to advance every child’s right to education, it explores why global progress has stalled since the early 2000s, when millions of additional children poured into the world’s classrooms, and provides the data and analysis needed to move forward and reach every child excluded from education.

English
Infographic

#YouthStats Armed Conflict

Published by
Office of the Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth

Statistics sheet with estimates about Youths in situations of fragility and conflict. Focused on general knowledge around armed conflict and youths, education, interpersonal violence and sexual violence.

English
Research Publication

Adolescents and Violence: Lessons from Burundi

Published by
The Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB)

Burundi has one of the youngest and poorest populations in the world. These defining characteristics of contemporary Burundi shaped field research on the state of Burundian adolescents and the role of violence in their lives. The research, undertaken in late 2012, found a profusion of young Burundians threatened by deprivation and domestic and sexual violence.

English
Case Study

Education Cluster Thematic Case Study Series

Published by
Global Education Cluster

This report explores the experiences of 11 different national Education Clusters surrounding five thematic issues while capturing key lessons learned and examples of good practices.

English
Academic Material/Syllabus

Education for Crisis-Affected Youth, Literature Review

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

This document reviews the field of education for youth in crisis using three categories: Secondary and Tertiary Education; Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and Livelihoods Training; and Life Skills, Peace Education and Recreational Activities.

English
Training Material

EiE Harmonized Training Module 17: Adolescents and Youth Programming

Published by
Global Education Cluster
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

At the end of this session, participants will identify challenges and vulnerabilities specific to youth and adolescents in crisis situations; review good practices and specific recommendations for effective, quality programming for adolescents and youth; learn practical ways to promote meaningful participation for adolescents and youth.

Arabic
English
French
Research Publication

Annotated Bibliography: Education for Youth Affected by Crisis

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

The list of documents reviewed represents material that was shared by members of the INEE Adolescent and Youth Task Team or was available online.

English
Toolkit

Positive Youth Development Measurement Toolkit

Published by
US Agency for International Development (USAID)
,
Youth Power, PEPFAR

This toolkit provides implementers of youth programming a variety of references, resources, and tools on how to use a positive youth development (PYD) approach for evaluating youth-focused programming. 

English
Spanish
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Youth Livelihoods Development Program Guide

Published by
US Agency for International Development (USAID)

This guide provides a practical set of suggestions and reference materials to improve youth livelihood development practices and to expand programming in this increasingly important area.

English
Database

World Inequality Database on Education

Published by
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)

Provides educational data from other sources that can be disaggregated by important factors of inequality through easy-to-use visualizations. Education data include enrollment, completion, and performance on standardized assessments. Data can be disaggregated by gender, location, region, wealth, ethnicity, and religion.

English
Manual/Handbook/Guide

With Us and For Us: Working with and for Young people in Humanitarian and Protracted Crises

Published by
Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

These IASC guidelines provide a framework for working with and for young people throughout the humanitarian programme cycle (HPC), complete with tips, examples and case studies. In addition, humanitarian actors can use this guidance as a reference to design programmes that respond to their context

English