Adolescentes e Jovens

O nosso mundo é jovem - adolescentes e jovens representam atualmente 1,2 bilhão da população global, e projeta-se que isso aumente em 200 milhões até 2050. A população jovem do continente africano aumentará para 35% do total mundial de jovens em 2050, sendo apenas de 20% em 2017. Na região do Médio Oriente e Norte da África, as e os jovens são o segmento que mais aumenta, sendo que cerca de 60% da população tem menos de 25 anos de idade. O Sul da Ásia abarca mais adolescentes - cerca de 340 milhões - do que qualquer outra região, seguido do Leste Asiático e do Pacífico, com cerca de 277 milhões. Nunca antes a percentagem de jovens da população global foi tão grande e é provável que nunca mais haja tal potencial para o progresso social e económico.

NRC Jordan
© NRC Jordan

Hoje, cerca de 408 milhões de jovens entre 15 e os 29 anos, ou 23% da população jovem global, são afetados e afetadas pela violência e pelos conflitos armados. Durante as situações de conflito, a educação de qualidade garante que as e os jovens adquiram as habilidades e competências relevantes de que necessitam para o desenvolvimento de toda a pessoa, para se moverem no mercado de trabalho e se tornarem intervenientes de mudança nas suas comunidades. Isto oferece uma oportunidade crítica para aproveitar os investimentos anteriores em educação, ou para oferecer uma segunda oportunidade àqueles e àquelas que perderam oportunidades educativas e sociais quando eram crianças.

Consultas realizadas e lideradas por jovens destacaram a dificuldade de ter acesso a oportunidades de aprendizagem de qualidade, educação formal e capacitação como um dos desafios mais sérios para os e as jovens. Os e as jovens estão a pedir acesso a oportunidades de educação relevantes, equitativas e inclusivas que ajudem a prepará-los e a prepará-las para a vida e para o mundo do trabalho. Garantir múltiplos caminhos através da continuidade da educação (primária, secundária até as opções terciárias e de ensino superior) a partir dos e das adolescentes é vital.

 Adolescentes e jovens são um grupo diversificado cujas necessidades atravessam múltiplos setores. Para melhorar o acesso à educação relevante, equitativa e inclusiva, devemos fortalecer as ligações entre os setores, os atores humanitários e de desenvolvimento e ser intencionais sobre parcerias locais e lideradas por jovens.

Principais Estatísticas:

Os Requisitos Mínimos da INEE consideram jovens as pessoas com idades compreendidas entre os 15 e 24 anos e adolescentes as pessoas com idades compreendidas entre as idades de 10 e 19 anos. As definições e faixas etárias variam de um contexto para outro dependendo de fatores socioculturais, institucionais, económicos e políticos, com muitos países a definirem jovens como pessoas com até 35 anos de idade. No entanto, "juventude" é melhor entendida como um período de transição da dependência da infância para a independência da idade adulta e, portanto, é uma categoria mais fluída e não um grupo etário fixo.

Esta coleção foi desenvolvida com o apoio de Sophia Kousiakis, Conselho Norueguês para os Refugiados.

Report

INEE Framing Paper 2 - Financing for All: Beyond the Primary Need

Publicado por
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

This paper explores the extent to which post-primary education options are being financed, what approaches are being taken and the opportunities and challenges for supporting post-primary education in the future.

English
Brochure/Pamphlet

INEE Thematic Issue Brief: Youth

Publicado por
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

In emergency situations, adolescents have specific needs that are different than those of adults or younger children.

English
Report

Shifting Power to Young People- How Young People Can Lead and Drive Solutions in Humanitarian Action

Publicado por
ActionAid International
,
Restless Development

Drawing on lessons and best practice from crises and emergencies across the world, the report emphasises that engaging young people in prevention, preparedness, response and recovery will bring better, more localised and more accountable responses. However, this report also displays how young people face particular vulnerabilities and marginalisation connected to their age and identities.

English
Case Study

The Missing Peace: Independent Progress Study on Youth, Peace and Security

Publicado por
Youth 4 Peace

This document is an independent study demonstrating young people’s positive role in sustaining peace. It proposes concrete recommendations for the peace and security community to work with young people in new ways.

English
French
Spanish
Arabic
Russian
Chinese (Mandarin)
Report

Youth, Peacebuilding, and the Role of Education

Publicado por
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

Thematic Paper for the Youth, Peace and Security Progress Study. This paper outlines key debates and insights on the role of education in relation to UNSCR 2250 and the youth, peace, and security (YPS) agenda. UNSCR 2250 requires the UN Secretary-General to “carry out a Progress Study on youth’s positive contribution to the peace processes and conflict resolution” and to present the results to the UN Member States.

English
Report

Youth in Fragile Situations: Promoting Youth Employment for Peace and Resilience

Publicado por
International Labor Organization (ILO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
,
Decent Jobs for Youth

More than 1.4 billion people currently live in areas affected by protracted conflicts and complex emergencies, which often extend over many years and significantly erode development gains. Under these circumstances, young people may be out of school or college and engage in jobs that are informal, unstable, underpaid, or even high-risk and harmful. 

English
French
Spanish
Report

We Believe in Youth: Global Refugee Youth Consultations Report

Publicado por
Women's Refugee Commission (WRC)

We Believe in Youth details the most pressing challenges refugee youth face and their recommendations on how best to address these challenges. The report is a road map for action for all those engaged in humanitarian response—States, international organizations, international and national civil society organizations, donors, and youth groups.

English
Report

Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All: Findings from the Global Initiative on Out-of-School Children

Publicado por
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
,
UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UNESCO UIS)

Fixing the Broken Promise of Education for All, a report produced by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and UNICEF, could not be more timely. As the international community renews its commitment to advance every child’s right to education, it explores why global progress has stalled since the early 2000s, when millions of additional children poured into the world’s classrooms, and provides the data and analysis needed to move forward and reach every child excluded from education.

English
Infographic

#YouthStats Armed Conflict

Publicado por
Office of the Secretary-General's Envoy on Youth

Statistics sheet with estimates about Youths in situations of fragility and conflict. Focused on general knowledge around armed conflict and youths, education, interpersonal violence and sexual violence.

English
Research Publication

Adolescents and Violence: Lessons from Burundi

Publicado por
The Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB)

Burundi has one of the youngest and poorest populations in the world. These defining characteristics of contemporary Burundi shaped field research on the state of Burundian adolescents and the role of violence in their lives. The research, undertaken in late 2012, found a profusion of young Burundians threatened by deprivation and domestic and sexual violence.

English
Case Study

Education Cluster Thematic Case Study Series

Publicado por
Global Education Cluster

This report explores the experiences of 11 different national Education Clusters surrounding five thematic issues while capturing key lessons learned and examples of good practices.

English
Academic Material/Syllabus

Education for Crisis-Affected Youth, Literature Review

Publicado por
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

This document reviews the field of education for youth in crisis using three categories: Secondary and Tertiary Education; Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and Livelihoods Training; and Life Skills, Peace Education and Recreational Activities.

English
Training Material

EiE Harmonized Training Module 17: Adolescents and Youth Programming

Publicado por
Global Education Cluster
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

At the end of this session, participants will identify challenges and vulnerabilities specific to youth and adolescents in crisis situations; review good practices and specific recommendations for effective, quality programming for adolescents and youth; learn practical ways to promote meaningful participation for adolescents and youth.

Arabic
English
French
Research Publication

Annotated Bibliography: Education for Youth Affected by Crisis

Publicado por
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

The list of documents reviewed represents material that was shared by members of the INEE Adolescent and Youth Task Team or was available online.

English
Toolkit

Positive Youth Development Measurement Toolkit

Publicado por
US Agency for International Development (USAID)
,
Youth Power, PEPFAR

This toolkit provides implementers of youth programming a variety of references, resources, and tools on how to use a positive youth development (PYD) approach for evaluating youth-focused programming. 

English
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Youth Livelihoods Development Program Guide

Publicado por
US Agency for International Development (USAID)

This guide provides a practical set of suggestions and reference materials to improve youth livelihood development practices and to expand programming in this increasingly important area.

English