Disaster Risk Reduction

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is the concept and practice of reducing risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, reduced vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.

There is no such thing as a 'natural' disaster, only natural hazards. Disaster risk reduction aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention

Disasters often follow natural hazards. A disaster's severity depends on how much impact a hazard has on society and the environment. The scale of the impact in turn depends on the choices we make for our lives and for our environment. These choices relate to how we grow our food, where and how we build our homes and schools, what kind of government we have, how our financial system works, and what we teach in schools. Each decision and action makes us more vulnerable to disasters - or more resilient to them.

Students need access to education. However access to any classroom is not enough. Schools must withstand potential hazards and be safe for all. In disasters, students, staff, and families experience intense mental and physical trauma. Unsafe schools can injure and even kill people. Years of learning can be lost as communities focus on recovery, not education. And without school to attend each day, students can be vulnerable to abuse, neglect, violence, and exploitation. Recent disasters highlight how vulnerable schools are. In each case, the emotional loss felt by the surviving community is impossible to measure.

Elements of disaster risk reduction should be incorporated into formal curricula and in co-curricular activities from the primary to secondary levels of education. Targeting higher education can be a practical means to build disaster reduction capacities. Incorporating hazard and disaster risk-related issues into existing education curricula contributes to continuous learning and reinforces disaster risk reduction knowledge.

This collection was developed with the support of Marla Petal, Principal Advisor for Urban Resilience & School Safety at Save the Children, and Kate McFarlane, Advisor for Child-Centred Risk Reduction, School Safety and Knowledge Management at Save the Children.

Manual/Handbook/Guide

INEE Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction

Published by
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)
,
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery

These guidance notes have been developed for policymakers and planners of local, regional and national government bodies and all other organizations interested or engaged in enhancing the safety of school populations and the resiliency of the buildings they occupy.

Arabic
Bahasa Indonesia
Chinese (Mandarin)
English
French
Hindi
Spanish
Training Material

EiE Harmonized Training Module 12: Risk Reduction

Published by
Global Education Cluster
Inter-agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE)

At the end of this session participants will be able to understand what is meant by Risk Reduction, Emergency Preparedness, and Contingency Planning; understand the Hyogo Framework for Action; identify risk reduction and preparedness activities; and create contingency plans based on likely emergencies in their country/district.

English
French
Video

10 Things You Should Know About Disaster Risk Reduction

Published by
Humanitarian Practice Network

This Good Practice Review identifies and discusses the principles and practice of disaster risk reduction (DRR), drawing on experiences from around the world.

Bahasa Indonesia
Chinese (Mandarin)
English
French
Spanish
White Paper

Disaster Prevention: A Safe Foundation for Full Inclusion

Published by
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

White paper on disaster prevention, with a focus on a safe foundation for full inclusion.The World Education Forum’s Dakar Framework for Action: Education for All (EFA) (UNESCO, 2000) acknowledged that natural hazards pose significant challenges to countries in meeting their EFA goals, and would require international level support. 

English
Book/eBook

Disaster Risk Reduction - Good Practice Review 9

Published by
Good Practice Review (GPR)

This Good Practice Review identifies and discusses the principles and practice of disaster risk reduction (DRR), drawing on experiences from around the world. The book is intended primarily for practitioners, principally project planners and managers already working in the DRR field or planning to undertake DRR initiatives, mainly at subnational and local levels.

English
Video

Education for Disaster Preparedness

Published by
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)

This video provides thorough information on education for disaster preparedness. EDP can provide life-saving and life-sustaining information and skills that protect in particular children and young people during and after emergencies.

English
Video

Safer School Construction: An Introduction

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)

This is a small introduction to Safe School Construction. Students need access to education. However access to any classroom is not enough. Schools must withstand potential hazards and be safe for all.

English
Report

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030

Published by
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 outlines seven clear targets and four priorities for action to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risks.

Arabic
Chinese (Mandarin)
English
French
Russian
Spanish
Video

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction

Published by
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

Video explaining the Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibilities are to be shared with other stakeholders including local government and the private sector.

English
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Towards Safer School Construction: A community-based approach

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)

The focus of this manual is on the process of community- based school construction. This manual  also shows how community-based approaches to safer school construction can do more than just provide safer school buildings in hazard-prone places.

English
Project Brief

Worldwide Initiative for Safe Schools

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)

The Worldwide Initiative for Safe Schools will focus efforts on motivating and supporting Governments in high risk and low capacity countries to implement school safety according to the three pillars highlighted as part of the Global School Safety Framework.

English
Website

Safer School Construction: A Community-Based Approach

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)

All schools should be durable and functional, even after a disaster. The safer schools construction approach treats construction as a community learning opportunity. It works to build the community’s resilience, skills and abilities, and results in safer school buildings. When laying foundations and raising walls, communities become knowledgeable caretakers of their schools. 

English
French
Arabic
Spanish
Nepali
Website

Safe Children, Safe Schools Community

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)

The Safe Children, Safe Schools Community brings together a large network of researchers, practitioners (NGOs) and policy makers who are committed to contributing towards child-centred risk reduction and resilience, and school safety.

English
Emergency Update/Report

Education Sector Snapshot for Comprehensive School Safety (CSS) and Education in Emergencies (EiE)

Published by
Global Alliance for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience in the Education Sector (GADRRRES)

The Education Sector Snapshot for Comprehensive School Safety (CSS) and Education in Emergencies (EiE) provides a report of country-level information on risk and Comprehensive School Safety. Currently, Snapshots have been developed for more than 15 countries.

English