Education Planning

What is Education Planning?

Education sector planning is a technical, political, and participatory process which should be led by government, typically the Ministry of Education (MoE). The first step of the process is to conduct an education sector analysis (ESA) in order to highlight the main challenges and opportunities for the education sector.

Following the ESA, an education sector plan (ESP) is developed. An ESP usually covers a 5-year timeframe and contains medium or long-term objectives and desired outcomes for educational sub-sectors. The ESP also describes the strategies and activities that will be used to reach these objectives. Projection and simulation models are then used to determine the costs of the human and material resources needed to implement the plan and finance the activities.

In crisis situations, if long-term planning and implementation are compromised, national or regional authorities can develop a Transitional Education Plan (TEP), of 3 years duration. A TEP is often used to structure the priorities to maintain the same progress achieved prior to the crisis and might include anticipating the future needs of a specific community (e.g. internally displaced persons or refugees). A TEP maintains the long-term vision of the education sector, and focuses on the immediate issues in achieving these long-term goals.

What is Crisis-sensitive Education Planning?

With the global increase in the number of humanitarian crises including violent conflict, drought, food insecurity, flooding, and others, millions of children and youth have been displaced.

These phenomena have also led to an increasing need of education partners to include strategies for refugees and IDPs in sector planning process. In September 2016, 193 Member States of the United Nations adopted the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants. This Declaration calls for a more predictable and more comprehensive response to these crises, known as the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, or CRRF.

Crisis-sensitive educational planning involves identifying and analysing existing risks of humanitarian crises and addressing the forced displacement that may result. This entails identifying both conflict and natural hazards and understanding the two-way interaction between these risks and education to develop strategies that respond appropriately. Crisis-sensitive planning aims to contribute to minimizing the negative impacts of risk on education service delivery and to maximize the positive impacts of education policies and programming on preventing conflict and disaster or mitigating their effects. It also requires identifying and overcoming patterns of inequity and exclusion in education, including for forcibly displaced populations.

In order to prevent hazards from becoming disasters, planners must analyse the risks to education. These risks can be reduced when communities have capacities to withstand the hazard, the ability to reduce physical, social, and environmental vulnerabilities, and sufficient response capacity. In addition, crisis-sensitive educational planning can enable countries to better manage their education system before, during, and after crises, thereby ensuring that investments and, most importantly, children’s rights to education and safety are protected.

 

This collection was developed with the support of Leonora MacEwen, Assistant Programme Specialist at IIEP-UNESCO.

Report

Conflict-sensitive Education Policy: A Preliminary Review

Published by
Education Above All (EAA)

This paper offers technical planning advice for high-level policy makers in ministries of education and donors in situations of conflict, recovering from conflict, or at risk of it.

English
Report

Disaster risk reduction (DRR) Comprehensive School Safety: An imperative for Education Policy-makers

Published by
Save the Children
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Along with climate change related crises, disasters create humanitarian and development challenges. The education sector has a key role to play in addressing these challenges and in preventing hazards from becoming disasters. This role is best fulfilled through a comprehensive approach to school safety.

English
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction

Published by
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)

This Guidebook for planning education in emergencies and reconstruction aims to support educational authorities in providing equal access to education of quality for children affected by conflict or disaster.

English
Spanish
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Guidelines for Education Sector Plan Preparation

Published by
Global Partnership for Education (GPE)
UNESCO International Institute for Education Planning (UNESCO-IIEP)

The purpose of these guidelines is to assist countries in preparing credible education sector plans.

English
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Guidelines for Transitional Education Plan Preparation

Published by
Global Partnership for Education (GPE)
UNESCO International Institute for Education Planning (UNESCO-IIEP)

In response to the call for greater effort and investment in crisis-affected and challenging situations, these guidelines were designed to assist countries in preparing a transitional education plan (TEP).

Arabic
English
French
Spanish
Manual/Handbook/Guide

Planning Education in and after Emergencies

Published by
United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Office (UNESCO)

Education can develop positive attitudes and reflexes, which are important to confront such situations as war or natural disaster. It is vital also to develop an education system or a curriculum that best caters to the needs of crisis-stricken populations, and to ensure that no social groups are excluded or denied the right to education.

English
French
Video

What is educational planning?

Published by
UNESCO International Institute for Education Planning (UNESCO-IIEP)

A video explaining the importance of educational planning. This type of planning is the backbone of stronger, more resilient, and quality-focused education systems.

English