Understanding of what "quality" means may vary between contexts, and different actors may have their own definitions. Broadly, quality education encompasses seven characteristics.
- Rights-based: Quality education is accessible, equitable, protective, participatory, non-discriminatory, and inclusive of all people.
- Contextualized and relevant: Education systems address the needs of the learners by using culturally and linguistically relevant learning materials.
- Holistic development of learners: Quality education promotes cognitive development, social and emotional skills, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing, values of responsible citizenship, economic sustainability, and peacebuilding.
- Teaching and learning: Teachers receive adequate compensation and relevant training so that they understand pedagogic content and have the knowledge and skills they need to support learners’ holistic development.
- Enabling resources: Quality education includes adequate and relevant resources for teaching and learning and fosters links between the resources available in the learning environment, home, and community to improve holistic learning outcomes.
- Learning outcomes: Quality education allows learners to develop the necessary knowledge, skills, and competencies to meet certification requirements, progress through the education system, and access lifelong learning opportunities.
- Learning continuity: Quality education provides sustained learning opportunities across the humanitarian-development-peacebuilding nexus.