Building Effective Teacher Salary Systems in Fragile and Conflict-affected States

This report provides practitioners – including governments, donors, United Nations agencies, and civil society organisations – with a clear framework for assessing teacher salary systems in FCAS. The framework has been developed by the authors based on general public financial management (PFM) principles, systems and processes and some supporting literature on PFM (see for example Fritz, Hedger and Fialho Lopes, 2011; Van Zyl, Ramkumar and de Renzio, 2009 and World Bank, 2008a). The thinking behind it is also supported by a rapid review of the limited literature on different components of teacher salary systems in developing countries (see for example Goldsmith, 2009 and 2010; Verhaghe, 2007 and World Bank, 2010). The report first provides a model for understanding the different parts of a teacher salary system and second identifies 17 of the major challenges to effective systems as well as a number of possible solutions to each of the challenges.

Resource Info

Resource Type

Policy Document


Published by

Brookings Institution, Education Development Trust (formerly CFBT)

Authored by

Janice Dolan, April Golden, Susy Ndaruhutse and Rebecca Winthrop


Education and Fragility