Are Schools Safe Havens for Children? Examining School-related Gender-based Violence
This report reviews the literature on school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in order to improve understanding about its causes, prevalence and consequences. It examines how gender norms, poverty, and a culture of violence contribute to SRGBV. While much of the literature focuses on sexual violence, this report also highlights the prevalence and impact of physical and psychological abuse. The report also presents examples of what is being done to address SRGBV, including legal and policy changes, training for teachers and school personnel, counseling and support systems for students, community engagement, and programming that addresses life skills and gender norms with boys and girls. The final section of the report presents recommendations for research and action at the national, institutional, local, and individual levels.