Glossary Term

Education system

Includes the full range of formal and nonformal learning opportunities available to children, young people, and adults in a given country or society — whether they are provided and/or financed by state or nonstate entities. An education system has several core policy domains that correspond to various system functions and together keep it running: primary and secondary schools, tertiary institutions, training institutes, and other private and nonformal learning programs, together with their teaching staff (e.g., teachers, trainers, and professors), nonacademic personnel, and administrators. An education system consists of all stakeholders who participate in the provision, financing, regulation, and use of learning services. Thus, in addition to national and local governments, participants include students and their families, communities, private providers, and nonstate organizations. This larger network of stakeholders makes up an education system in the broader sense.