Teachers, Schools and Communities: Strengthening Safe Spaces. Towards a Framework for School-based Prevention

This report is the result of the research project “Teachers, Schools, and Communities: A Framework for Improving Basic Education in Gang-controlled Territories”, a product of the research agreement between the Dubai Cares Foundation and the Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas (UCA) of El Salvador, Central America. This grant was received through the Evidence for Education in Emergencies (E-Cubed) Research Envelope, in partnership with the Interagency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE). The project was carried out from September 2019 to July 2022 and resulted in the crafting of the intervention framework for violence prevention in schools Context- Actions -Relationships (CAR). 

This study is the fourth phase of the multi-year, diversely-funded research program Education in Risk and Conflict Situations (ERCS), carried out by the Master’s program in Education Policy and Evaluation (MPEE) at the Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas (UCA) in El Salvador. The ERCS program is situated in the academic field called Education in Emergencies (EiE) which addresses the challenges of delivering educational services in multiple contexts of crisis and emergency. The ERCS program seeks to understand how gang presence in the surrounding areas transforms the relationships, interactions, and functions that teachers and schools daily confront. It aims to provide input for educational policies that strengthen the daily functioning of schools in adverse situations, but also the pedagogical relationships with students, the integration of schools in the local community, and the integration of students in the education system

Resource Info

Resource Type

Research Publication


Published by

Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas

Authored by

Wim Savenije, Pauline Martin, Amparo Cabrera


Adolescents and Youth
Community Participation
Conflict Risk Reduction

Geographic Focus

El Salvador