This chapter examines the context and challenges of planning in emergencies and early reconstruction contexts and lays out 12 suggested strategies for effective planning processes (pp. 43-55), including detailed guidance notes for each strategy. Pp. 56-57 give a description of an Education Sector Analysis (ESA), including an overview of what an ESA or Sector-Wide Approach (SWAP) is, rationale for these tools, and information on who carries it out and what it is comprised of. Extracted from UNESCO IIEP's Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction.