Gender-based Violence (GBV)
Gender-based violence (GBV) is an umbrella term for any harmful act that is perpetrated against a person’s will, and that is based on socially ascribed (gender) differences. The term GBV highlights the gender dimension of these types of acts; in other words, the relationship between females’ subordinate status in society and their increased vulnerability. Men and boys may also be victims of GBV, especially sexual violence. The nature and extent of specific types of GBV vary across cultures, countries and regions. Examples include: sexual violence: sexual exploitation/abuse, forced prostitution, forced/child marriage; domestic/family violence: physical, emotional/psychological and sexual; harmful cultural/traditional practices: FGM, honour killings, widow inheritance, etc.