Numerous conflicts across the globe have led to the suffering and displacement of millions of children and young people, often under horrific circumstances. The world’s poorest countries are most frequently those torn apart by internal conflict while other countries often suffer destabilizing effects of conflict in neighbouring states.
For children and youth who have lived through or are living in the midst of war and conflict, peace education is a chance to develop constructive skills for living that they have not seen modeled before. Peace education is a structured programme that can help youth develop the skills needed to avert involvement in conflict.
The term ‘peace building’ covers many areas including advocacy, law reform, basic education, and social justice. These programmes are generally designed to develop constructive skills, behaviours and associated values. Peace education can supplement regular schooling and can also complement ongoing peacebuilding processes.
- 263 million children and youth were out of school across the world (UNESCO, 2014)
- 142 million youth ages 15 to 17
- 60 million young adolescents ages 12 to 14
- 61 million children ages 6 to 11,
- 61.9 million out-of-school children and youth live in conflict areas (UNESCO, 2016)