Measuring Social Cohesion

This list of resources on Measuring Social Cohesion are part of the larger Learning for Peace project which produced dozens of briefs, reports, case studies, guides, and research products, and compiled many other relevant resources related to the link between education and peacebuilding.

In order to assess the association of education services with existing levels of horizontal and vertical social cohesion, Harvard Humanitarian Institute (HHI) developed and pilot-tested an Education, Peacebuilding and Social Cohesion Assessment Framework (EPSC). The Framework has six dimensions:

  1. social cohesion;
  2. leadership, good governance and inclusive politics;
  3. access to resources and opportunities;
  4. the legacies of past conflict;
  5. information and communication networks; and
  6. justice and security.

These dimensions were identified as relevant during scoping assessments in Burundi, DRC, Côte d’Ivoire and Uganda where different categories of local stakeholders were queried about their understanding and awareness of social cohesion challenges and prerequisites in their own community and regional contexts. The EPSC contains contextualized specific indices to measure cohesion factors such as trust, social relationships, civic and social participation, inclusion and attitudes towards social services, as well as constructive dispute resolution.


Population-Based Survey on Peace and Education: Burundi

Published by
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative

The study provides baseline information that will help trace progress in peacebuilding goals over time and explores differences and similarities between generations to gain insight into change across generations and enable a life cycle perspective. Results detailed in this report highlight key challenges to building a lasting peace in Burundi.


Population-Based Survey on Peace and Education: Uganda

Published by
Harvard University

This baseline study involved a survey of 2,079 randomly selected respondents in Uganda, a nationwide sample of 1,024, and four additional sub-samples of 1,055 individuals to assess factors affecting resilience, social cohesion and security as elements of peacebuilding in Uganda, and the interaction of education with those factors.